“Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a diagnostic term used to describe the impacts on the brain and body of an individual who was exposed to alcohol before birth. It is the leading known cause of developmental disability in Canada. Current studies suggest that up to 4% of individuals in Canada are living with FASD, which is approximately 1.5 million Canadians (2019).
FASD is a lifelong, brain-based disability. It presents differently in each person, due to the wide variation of alcohol effects on brain development. Each individual living with FASD is unique, and has areas of both strengths and challenges. Individuals living with FASD may experience some degree of challenges in their daily living, and may need support with motor skills, physical health, learning, memory, attention, communication, emotional regulation, and social skills to reach their full potential.
Individuals living with FASD are resilient and have much to offer. The brain is always growing and changing. Although FASD is a spectrum, research shows us that early and appropriate supports can make a positive impact and improve outcomes for those with this disability.”
Find more from the Government of Northwest Territories (Canada, September 2021)